Title: Metrics for evaluating 3D medical image segmentation: analysis, selection, and tool
Language: English
Authors: Taha, Abdel Aziz 
Hanbury, Allan  
Category: Research Article
Forschungsartikel
Keywords: Evaluation metrics; Evaluation tool; Medical volume segmentation; Metric selection
Issue Date: 2015
Journal: BMC medical imaging
Abstract: 
Background
Medical Image segmentation is an important image processing step. Comparing images to evaluate the quality of segmentation is an essential part of measuring progress in this research area. Some of the challenges in evaluating medical segmentation are: metric selection, the use in the literature of multiple definitions for certain metrics, inefficiency of the metric calculation implementations leading to difficulties with large volumes, and lack of support for fuzzy segmentation by existing metrics.
Result
First we present an overview of 20 evaluation metrics selected based on a comprehensive literature review. For fuzzy segmentation, which shows the level of membership of each voxel to multiple classes, fuzzy definitions of all metrics are provided. We present a discussion about metric properties to provide a guide for selecting evaluation metrics. Finally, we propose an efficient evaluation tool implementing the 20 selected metrics. The tool is optimized to perform efficiently in terms of speed and required memory, also if the image size is extremely large as in the case of whole body MRI or CT volume segmentation. An implementation of this tool is available as an open source project.
Conclusion
We propose an efficient evaluation tool for 3D medical image segmentation using 20 evaluation metrics and provide guidelines for selecting a subset of these metrics that is suitable for the data and the segmentation task.
DOI: 10.1186/s12880-015-0068-x
Library ID: AC11360014
URN: urn:nbn:at:at-ubtuw:3-1470
ISSN: 1471-2342
Organisation: E194 - Institut für Softwaretechnik und Interaktive Systeme 
Publication Type: Article
Artikel
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