Wieser, H. (2008). Investment proposal pig farming biogas plant Banat Romania : feasibility study for the investment in a biogas plant in connection with pig farming in the newly EU country Romania, region of Timis, Banat [Diploma Thesis, Technische Universität Wien]. reposiTUm. https://resolver.obvsg.at/urn:nbn:at:at-ubtuw:1-33482
As a recent member of the European Union, Romania faces new competitive challenges in all sectors of its economy while implementing new member requirements for improving the social, environmental and economic conditions within the country. Romania has elaborated the National Strategic Plan (PNS) and the National Program for Rural Development (PNDR) for the period 2007-2013 to advance sustainable development. The valorisation of renewable energy resources is an important topic in all these development plans. The government is currently also developing a national Energy Policy of Romania for 2007-2020. Before the political changes in the year 1989, Romania was one of the largest producers of pig meat in Europe. During the transition period from 1989 until the Accession of Romania to the European Union in 2007 the industrial pig production decreased dramatically and is only now on the way to up and up. Within the Accession of Romania the pig farmers are obliged to adopt the environmental and health regulations of the European Union. The main environmental impact in the case of pig farms is related to animal manure management. The application of biogas technology as a closed cycle by using pig manure as input material might have an important contribution to the improvement of the environmental impact of industrial pig farming. Beside the assessment of environmental issues, the Master Thesis should provide a clear answer on the economic efficiency and profitability of a potential project taking the present market conditions, renewable energy tariff system and legal aspects in consideration. In order to provide transparent and valuable results the parameters for a potential project shall be demonstrated on the example of an industrial pig farm in the size of 8.160 fattening places in combination with a biogas plant. As location for the investment the region of Timis in the Romanian Banat - which was an intensive pig production area in former times - shall be selected as model region. At the same time with the technological and commercial concept the Master Thesis should highlight potential subsidies within the new European Union Structural Fund Programs 2007 - 2013 and the introduction of the "Green Certificate" market mechanism for the production of green energy. The main methods of approach in order to gain reliable results in the study report have been personal visits of the project region and collection of data form local authorities and companies active in the field of pig production with the aim of implementation of biogas technology. Desk research and internet research of available up-to-date literature, studies and articles as well as discussions with suppliers of biogas technology in terms of the specification, dimensioning and technical process concept of an agricultural biogas plant project. Furthermore to make us of the presentations and lessons provided by the lectures of the Master of Science Program Renewable Energy in Central and Eastern Europe.