The present of this master thesis is concerned with the usage of fuel types in their actual and future form. It should provide a big overview of actual technologies that are available on the market and outline different potential future scenarios. The future deployment of fuels in our daily life can change. Several technologies gained increase public attention like hydrogen, battery powered vehicles (BEV), hybrid technologies and more. There are several different fuels that have the potential to decrease the humans carbon footprint in this world. The main goal of the thesis is to provide the technical and theoretical background of fuel types in their actual form and their potential usage in the future. The history of fuels is outlined that provides the foundation for the actual mobility situation on earth. Basic chemical compounds that build the base for actual fuels are treated. Since the development of fuels, the efficiency in the combustion process has been improved several times, as example the adding of a turbo changer can be named, this and potential increasing efficiency methods outlined by technicians are investigated. Biofuels are one big topic that influenced the mixture of conventional fuels the last years, therefore this topic is covered. New upcoming technologies like nanotechnology in the context of biofuel production, biorefineries, fuel cells and other potential scientific inventions are investigated and explained. In the potential future scenarios, the progression and their effects of the different fuel types is investigated. Actual limits of the realization process are outlined and the total cost of ownership is investigated. The emissions of different fuel powered vehicles are covered in the future scenario chapter.