Title: A thermoelectrically stabilized aluminium acoustic trap combined with attenuated total reflection infrared spectroscopy for detection of Escherichia coli in water
Authors: Freitag, Stephan  
Baumgartner, Bettina  
Radel, Stefan 
Schwaighofer, Andreas  
VARRIALE, ANTONIO  
Pennaccio, Angela 
D´Auria, Sabato 
Lendl, Bernhard  
Category: Original Research Article
Issue Date: 10-Mar-2021
Citation: 
Freitag, S., Baumgartner, B., Radel, S., Schwaighofer, A., VARRIALE, A., Pennaccio, A., D´Auria, S., & Lendl, B. (2021). A thermoelectrically stabilized aluminium acoustic trap combined with attenuated total reflection infrared spectroscopy for detection of Escherichia coli in water. Lab on a Chip. https://doi.org/10.1039/D0LC01264E
Journal: Lab on a Chip 
ISSN: 1473-0197
Abstract: 
Acoustic trapping is a non-contact particle manipulation method that holds great potential for performing automated assays. We demonstrate an aluminium acoustic trap in combination with attenuated total reflection Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) for detection of E. coli in water. The thermal conductivity of aluminium was exploited to thermo-electrically heat and hold the acoustic trap at the desired assay temperature of 37 degrees C. Systematic characterisation and optimisation of the acoustic trap allowed high flow rates while maintaining high acoustic trapping performance. The ATR element serves not only as a reflector for ultrasound standing wave generation but also as a sensing interface. The enzyme conversion induced by alkaline phosphatase-labelled bacteria was directly monitored in the acoustic trap using ATR-FTIR spectroscopy. Sequential injection analysis allowed automated liquid handling, including non-contact bacteria retention, washing and enzyme-substrate exchange within the acoustic trap. The presented method was able to detect E. coli concentrations as low as 1.95 x 10(6) bacteria per mL in 197 min. The demonstrated ultrasound assisted assay paves the way to fully automated bacteria detection devices based on acoustic trapping combined with ATR-FTIR spectroscopy.
Keywords: ATR; polarization; laser; QCL
DOI: 10.1039/D0LC01264E
Organisation: E164-02-1 - Forschungsgruppe Prozessanalytik 
License: CC BY-NC 3.0 CC BY-NC 3.0
Publication Type: Article
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