Title: Automated online monitoring of fecal pollution in water by enzymatic methods
Authors: Demeter, Katalin 
Burnet, Jean-Baptiste 
Stadler, Philipp 
Kirschner, Alexander 
Zessner-Spitzenberg, Matthias  
Farnleitner, Andreas 
Category: Original Research Article
Issue Date: 2020
Journal: Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health
ISSN: 2468-5844
Abstract: 
To facilitate the prompt management of public health risks from water resources, the fluorescence-based detection of the enzymatic activity of b-D-glucuronidase (GLUC) has been suggested as a rapid method to monitor fecal pollution.
New technological adaptations enable now its automated, near-real-time measurement in a robust and analytically precise manner. Large data sets of high temporal or spatial resolution have been reported from a variety of freshwater resources, demonstrating the great potential of this automated method. However, the fecal indication capacity of GLUC activity and the potental link to health risk is still unclear, presenting considerable limitations. This review provides a critical evaluation of automated, online GLUC-based methods (and alternatives) and defines open questions to be solved before the method can fully support water management.
Keywords: Fecal pollution; Rapid enzymatic methods; b-d-Glucuronidase; Fecal indicator bacteria; E. coli, Water safety
DOI: 10.1016/j.coesh.2020.03.002
Organisation: E226-01 - Forschungsbereich Wasserg├╝tewirtschaft 
License: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
Publication Type: Article
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