Title: A Review of Smart Car Parking as IoT Systems
Authors: Aliedani, Ali  
Loke, Seng W. 
Editors: Winter, Stephan 
Goel, Salil 
Issue Date: Jul-2021
Book Title: Smart Parking in Fast-Growing Cities 
Car parking systems have been investigated extensively for minimizing the waste of time and traffic
congestion due to vehicles cruising to park. Internet of Things (IoT) technologies such as sensing
and networking have been utilized in car parking systems to provide connectivity of car parking components
and to determine occupancy. Also, cooperation among vehicles for car parking based on
vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communications has been investigated. However, interoperability, i.e., the
ability for different systems to work together easily or to be used seamlessly, is one of the challenges
for car parking systems, and for IoT applications in general. Car parking systems as part of city services
can be owned by different stakeholders, which have different parking policies and use different
car parking technologies. In this chapter, we outline conceptual architectures for parking systems,
and highlight and discuss the challenges and approaches of interoperability in a range of smart car
parking systems (implemented and proposed) in the literature.
Keywords: car parking systems; Internet of Things; IoT; interoperability
DOI: 10.34727/2021/isbn.978-3-85448-045-7_9
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12708/18076
Organisation: E120 - Department für Geodäsie und Geoinformation 
License: CC BY-SA 4.0 CC BY-SA 4.0
Publication Type: Book Contribution
Appears in Collections:Book Contribution

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