Title: Improving ASCAT Soil Moisture Retrievals with an Enhanced Spatially Variable Vegetation Parameterization
Authors: Hahn, Sebastian  
Wagner, Wolfgang  
Steele-Dunne, Susan  
Vreugdenhil, Mariette 
Melzer, Thomas 
Category: Original Research Article
Issue Date: 1-Oct-2021
Citation: 
Hahn, S., Wagner, W., Steele-Dunne, S., Vreugdenhil, M., & Melzer, T. (2021). Improving ASCAT Soil Moisture Retrievals with an Enhanced Spatially Variable Vegetation Parameterization. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 59(10), 8241–8256. https://doi.org/10.34726/1622
Journal: IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 
ISSN: 0196-2892
Abstract: 
This study investigates the performance of the TU Wien soil moisture retrieval (TUW-SMR) algorithm by adapting the strength of the vegetation correction. The semiempirical change detection method TUW-SMR exploits the multiangle backscatter observations from spaceborne fan-beam scatterometer systems in order to derive surface soil moisture information expressed in the degree of saturation. The vegetation parameterization of TUW-SMR is controlled by the dry and wet crossover angles that are used to determine the dry and wet backscatter reference. Backscatter observations from the Advanced Scatterometer (ASCAT) are used to produce four soil moisture data sets based on different dry and wet crossover angles describing: 1) a static, respectively, no vegetation correction; 2) the currently used seasonal vegetation correction; 3) a stronger seasonal vegetation correction; and 4) a spatially variable seasonal vegetation correction with the stronger vegetation correction over vegetated areas and no vegetation correction over bare land. All four ASCAT soil moisture data sets are evaluated against soil moisture estimates from GLDAS-2.1 Noah land surface model and the European Space Agency (ESA) climate change initiative (CCI) Passive v04.5 soil moisture product using the triple collocation method and traditional correlation analysis. The results show that the spatially variable vegetation correction overall improves soil moisture estimates in both more densely vegetated areas, e.g., in large parts of North America and Europe, and more sparsely vegetated, e.g., Western Africa. Nonetheless, the experiment also provides insight into challenging retrieval conditions where the TUW-SMR fails to take all relevant backscatter processes into account, e.g., wetlands and bare soils with subsurface scattering.
Keywords: performance evaluation; radar cross sections; radar remote sensing; soil moisture
DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2020.3041340
DOI: 10.34726/1622
Organisation: E120-01-1 - Forschungsgruppe Mikrowellenfernerkundung 
License: In Copyright 1.0
Publication Type: Article
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