E317 - Institut für Leichtbau und Struktur-Biomechanik
Number of Pages:
The analytical and numerical modeling of the thermomechanical behavior of composite materials has become important over the past decades due to the application of such materials in many fields. The models typically assume that the different length scales present in the composite and its constituents are sufficiently well spread that sequential homogenization can be applied without problems. The present master thesis focusses on a special, highly idealized case in which two such length scales are only weakly separated, a polycrystalline matrix reinforced by fibers of similar size to the matrix grains being studied. On the one hand, the effective elastic behavior is described by one-step models, which concurrently account for the inhomogeneities and the resolved grain structure of the matrix. On the other hand, two-step approaches are used, in which the matrix is homogenized first and the overall response of the composites is described by fibers embedded in the resulting effective matrix material. The grains are idealized as regular hexagons, the fibers being positioned in their centers or in the triple points. Five different types of elastic, fiber-like inhomogeneities are studied by unit cell models and, in addition, Hashin-Strikman bounds are evaluated. The phase geometries are modeled and meshed with ABAQUS/CAE, random orientations of the grains are generated by a Python script, boundary conditions of the model and load-cases are obtained with the program package MedTool, and linear finite element simulations are performed with finite element program ABAQUS/Standard. Finally, the elasticity tensors and elastic moduli of all cases are evaluated with MedTool and analyzed, typically in terms of ensemble averages. The results show that the relative differences between the single-step and two-step macroscopic elasticity tensors are smaller in the "normal part" of the elasticity tensor whereas larger differences are present in its "shear part". Ranges of the von Mises stresses and first principal stresses in fibers and matrix are considerably larger for one-step than for two-step homogenization. As to the Hashin-Strikman bounds, effective moduli evaluated in this work with the isotropized, homogenized matrix behavior either fall within the bounds or closely approach the lower or the upper bounds, for composited reinforced by stiff fibers or composites reinforced by inhomogeneities more compliant than the matrix, respectively. The closest transversally isotropic elasticity tensors obtained from the ensemble averages of the one-step and two-step results, however, in many cases do not fulfill the bounds. Taken together, the results show that sequential homogenization entails a loss of accuracy in situations where length scales are weakly spread.
Arbeit an der Bibliothek noch nicht eingelangt - Daten nicht geprueft Abweichender Titel laut Übersetzung der Verfasserin/des Verfassers