QUANTUM OPTICS/QUANTUM INFORMATION/optimal control
During the last ten years, basic quantum operations on a single electronic spins in the nitrogen-vacancy defect center in diamond have been a rich field of study. Quantum operations coherently manipulating the spin of the nitrogen-vacancy center have become promising candidates for easy to manipulate qubits. However in order to implement these qubits in quantum computers robust high-fidelity control is needed. Building on an existing confocal microscopy setup, pulsed and quadrature-amplitude modulated microwave signals were used to realize coherent spin manipulation measurements. Especially designed Smooth Optimal Control pulses (robust against detuning and different control amplitudes) were used to develop measurement schemes resulting in the aforementioned increase of fidelity. The first part of the thesis describes the implementation of these pulses into the existing experimental setup and the calibration work necessary prior to measurements, due to imperfections of devices in the microwave chain. The second part is dedicated to the analysis of the pulses applied to a single spin by comparing the experimental results to theoretical simulations. This was done not only for one resonant spin with accurate control amplitude, but also for a range of different detunings and amplitudes. A more thorough analysis of the pulses was then achieved by using state/process tomography, resulting in a complete description of the process induced by these optimized pulses. Finally, after verifying the effect of the pulses, measurement schemes for sensing alternating magnetic fields were implemented, resulting in measurements with improved sensitivity for magnetic fields.
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