Title: Quantifying methane emissions from anaerobic digesters
Language: English
Authors: Tauber, Joseph 
Parravicini, Vanessa  
Svardal, Karl 
Krampe, Jörg  
Category: Original Research Article
Issue Date: 2019
Journal: Water Science and Technology 
ISSN: 0273-1223
Abstract: 
In this research, sources of methane emissions of an anaerobic digester (AD) system at a municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) with 260,000 population equivalent (PE) capacity were detected by a non-dispersive infrared (NDIR) camera. The located emissions were evaluated qualitatively and were documented with photos and video films. Subsequently, the emission sources were quantified individually using different methods like the Flux-Chamber method and sampling from the digester's circulation pipe. The dissolved methane in the sludge digester was measured via GC-MS and 6.8% oversaturation compared to the equilibrium after Henry's law was found. Additionally, the residual gas potential of the digestate was measured using batch tests with ten days' additional stabilisation time. The PE-specific residual gas production of the full-scale AD was calculated to 12.4 g CH4/(PE · y). An extended COD balance including methane emissions for the whole digester system was calculated. Also the measured methane loads were calculated and summed up. The total methane loss of the AD was calculated at 24.6 g CH4/(PE · y), which corresponds to 0.4% of the produced biogas (4,913 g CH4/(PE · y)). PE-specific methane emission factors are presented for each investigated (point) source like the sludge outlet at the digester's head, a leaking manhole sealing and cracks in the concrete structure.
Keywords: anaerobic sludge stabilisation; greenhouse gases; methane
DOI: 10.2166/wst.2019.415
Library ID: AC15593129
URN: urn:nbn:at:at-ubtuw:3-8612
Organisation: E226 - Institut für Wassergüte und Ressourcenmanagement 
E226-01 - Forschungsbereich Wassergütewirtschaft 
Publication Type: Article
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