Vetyukov, Y. (2018). Non-material finite element modelling of large vibrations of axially moving strings and beams. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 414, 299–317. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsv.2017.11.010
Axially moving structures; Spatial description; Beams and strings; Large vibrations; Nonlinear finite element modelling; Time integration
We present a new mathematical model for the dynamics of a beam or a string, which moves in a given axial direction across a particular domain. Large in-plane vibrations are coupled with the gross axial motion, and a Lagrangian (material) form of the equations of structural mechanics becomes inefficient. The proposed mixed Eulerian-Lagrangian description features mechanical fields as functions of a spatial coordinate in the axial direction. The material travels across a finite element mesh, and the boundary conditions are applied in fixed nodes. Beginning with the variational equation of virtual work in its material form, we analytically derive the Lagrange's equations of motion of the second kind for the considered case of a discretized non-material control domain and for geometrically exact kinematics. The dynamic analysis is straightforward as soon as the strain and the kinetic energies of the control domain are available. In numerical simulations we demonstrate the rapid mesh convergence of the model, the effect of the bending stiffness and the dynamic instability when the axial velocity gets high. We also show correspondence to the results of fully Lagrangian benchmark solutions.
The final publication is available via <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsv.2017.11.010" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsv.2017.11.010</a>.