|Title:||Climate migration under the aspect of the water-fenergy-food nexus||Language:||English||Authors:||Eckelhart, Stefanie||Qualification level:||Diploma||Advisor:||Kreuzinger, Norbert||Issue Date:||2019||Number of Pages:||60||Qualification level:||Diploma||Abstract:||
The Water-Energy-Food Nexus is facing challenges on a global scale. Resources are increasingly asked for due to an increasing number of population and changing environmental conditions. Focusing on the interlinkage of the Water-Food Nexus it becomes clear that agriculture is responsible for the major part of water usage in this sector but challenges and agricultural dependency differ when comparing various geographical regions and changing environmental conditions thereby affect countries differently. The economies of some countries in sub-Saharan Africa rely to over half of their GDP on their agricultural output. Lacking water resources, rainfed agriculture and missing irrigation systems provide additional challenges to the region. Crop failures therefore endanger food security as well as the maintenance of a reliable income and due to this may lead in increased migration. Predicted climatic conditions provide the basis for a simulation, where the effect of a temperature increase on a specific crop sort is analysed and the effects of climate change on the most popular crop species are analysed. Possible climate migration streams, as a result of these developments, are determined based on already existing migration flows and predicted direction trends. Political measures already emplaced and possible instruments to mitigate and counteract these developments are further discussed. Focusing on slow-onset changes, the thesis concludes that challenges in the water-food nexus, especially in the agricultural sector, significantly influence climate migration leading to increased population movements within the own country and geographical area.
|Keywords:||water-energy-food nexus; climate migration; sub-Saharan Africa; agriculture||URI:||https://resolver.obvsg.at/urn:nbn:at:at-ubtuw:1-126120
|Library ID:||AC15391431||Organisation:||E017 - Continuing Education Center||Publication Type:||Thesis
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis|
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