Title: Implementation of a quantum cascade laser-based gassensor prototype for sub-ppmv H2S measurementsin a petrochemical process gas stream
Language: English
Authors: Moser, Harald 
Pölz, Walter 
Waclawek, Johannes Paul 
Ofner, Johannes 
Lendl, Bernhard  
Category: Research Article
Issue Date: 2017
Journal: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
ISSN: 1618-2650
The implementation of a sensitive and selective as well as industrial fit gas sensor prototype based on wavelength modulation spectroscopy with second harmonic detection (2f-WMS) employing an 8-μm continuous-wave distributed feedback quantum cascade laser (CW-DFB-QCL) for monitoring hydrogen sulfide (H2S) at sub-ppm levels is reported. Regarding the applicability for analytical and industrial process purposes aimed at petrochemical environments, a synthetic methane (CH4) matrix of up to 1000 ppmv together with a varying H2S content was chosen as the model environment for the laboratory-based performance evaluation performed at TU Wien. A noise-equivalent absorption sensitivity (NEAS) for H2S targeting the absorption line at 1247.2 cm−1 was found to be 8.419 × 10−10 cm−1 Hz−1/2, and a limit of detection (LOD) of 150 ppbv H2S could be achieved. The sensor prototype was then deployed for on-site measurements at the petrochemical research hydrogenation platform of the industrial partner OMV AG. In order to meet the company’s on-site safety regulations, the H2S sensor platform was installed in an industry rack and equipped with the required safety infrastructure for protected operation in hazardous and explosive environments. The work reports the suitability of the sensor prototype for simultaneous monitoring of H2S and CH4 content in the process streams of a research hydrodesulfurization (HDS) unit. Concentration readings were obtained every 15 s and revealed process dynamics not observed previously.
Keywords: Infrared laser spectroscopy; Quantum cascadelasers; Laser sensor; Hydrogen sulfide; Methane.HDSmonitoring
DOI: 10.1007/s00216-016-9923-z
Library ID: AC15320992
URN: urn:nbn:at:at-ubtuw:3-4763
Organisation: E164 - Institut für Chemische Technologien und Analytik 
Publication Type: Article
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