|Title:||The groundwater arsenic crisis in Bangladesh, impacts & challenges for SDG (s) 2030 Development Agenda.||Other Titles:||The groundwater arsenic crisis in Bangladesh, impact and challenges for SDG (s) 2030 development agenda||Language:||English||Authors:||Kabir, Tanvir||Qualification level:||Diploma||Advisor:||Winiwarter, Verena||Issue Date:||2019||Number of Pages:||72||Qualification level:||Diploma||Abstract:||
Ground water has significant impact on society, environment and the economy. In Bangladesh the ground water level is high which has led numerous wells being sunken into the aquifer. However, the monitoring of the chemical qualities of the ever-expanding ground water coverage in the households never got due attention until the diagnosis of patients with skin lesions. The skin lesions got the attention of public and scientific community leading to a wide range of research. Arsenic in Bangladeshs ground water is a natural phenomenon but its toxicity is enhanced via microbiological mechanisms. 30 million people of Bangladesh are exposed to unsafe levels of arsenic ingested directly and through the Soil-Water-Plant nexus. The vulnerable malnourished people live in rural arears and struggle with extreme poverty. The mitigation measures taken by the government, NGOs and international donor agencies have covered the most visible short term effects such as skin lesions. However, there are long term public health risks including cancers which might evolve from apparently safe wells due to long term exposure. The impaired intellectual development of the children related to arsenic exposure, loss of work years, exhausting of savings for treatment of arsenic related diseases do have negative effects in the economy. The skin lesions have bearings for a developing society such as discrimination against affected women. The extraction of ground water from deeper aquifers for ensuring arsenic free water and the running diesel run pumps for irrigation will result in enhanced emission of GHG gases and other pollutants. The thesis found that although the expansion of coverage of ground water both at the household levels and agricultural fields enabled attaining of some of the targets of MDGs such as reduction of child mortality, access to improved water, decline of extreme poverty through increased agricultural yields by multiple harvests, the SDG era will be complicated. The arsenic contaminated ground water of Bangladesh will negatively affect the environment, the economy and the society in the long run through irrigated agriculture via the water-soil-plant nexus and pose formidable challenges for fulfilling goals of the Sustainable Development Agenda 2030.
|Keywords:||MDG; SDG; Ground water; MICS
MDG; SDG; Ground water; MICS
|Library ID:||AC15535254||Organisation:||E017 - Continuing Education Center||Publication Type:||Thesis
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis|
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checked on Apr 28, 2021
checked on Apr 28, 2021
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