Hausjell, J., Weissensteiner, J., Molitor, C., Schlangen, K., Spadiut, O., & Halbwirth, H. (2022). First purified recombinant CYP75B including transmembrane helix with unexpected high substrate specificity to (2R)-naringenin. Scientific Reports, 12(1), Article 8548. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-11556-3
Anthochlor pigments (chalcones and aurones) play an important role in yellow flower colourization, the formation of UV-honey guides and show numerous health benefits. The B-ring hydroxylation of chalcones is performed by membrane bound cytochrome P450 enzymes. It was assumed that usual flavonoid 3'-hydroxlases (F3'Hs) are responsible for the 3,4- dihydroxy pattern of chalcones, however, we previously showed that a specialized F3'H, namely chalcone 3-hydroxylase (CH3H), is necessary for the hydroxylation of chalcones. In this study, a sequence encoding membrane bound CH3H from Dahlia variabilis was recombinantly expressed in yeast and a purification procedure was developed. The optimized purification procedure led to an overall recovery of 30% recombinant DvCH3H with a purity of more than 84%. The enzyme was biochemically characterized with regard to its kinetic parameters on various substrates, including racemic naringenin, as well as its enantiomers (2S)-, and (2R)-naringenin, apigenin and kaempferol. We report for the first time the characterization of a purified Cytochrome P450 enzyme from the flavonoid biosynthesis pathway, including the transmembrane helix. Further, we show for the first time that recombinant DvCH3H displays a higher affinity for (2R)-naringenin than for (2S)-naringenin, although (2R)-flavanones are not naturally formed by chalcone isomerase.
FWF Fonds zur Förderung der wissenschaftlichen Forschung (FWF)
Austrian Science Fund (FWF)
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