Title: Origin of the strong temperature effect on the piezoelectric response of the ferroelectric (co-)polymer P(VDF70-TrFE30)
Authors: Hafner, Jonas Alexander 
Teuschel, Marco 
Schneider, Michael  
Schmid, Ulrich 
Category: Original Research Article
Issue Date: 29-Apr-2019
Journal: Polymer 
ISSN: 0032-3861
Abstract: 
The electroactive (co-)polymer poly(vinylidene fluoride70-trifluoroethylene30) is predestined for applications in flexible and soft electronic devices. However, the piezoelectric properties are highly temperature sensitive and so far, reported results cannot provide an explanation for their strong temperature dependence. For this purpose, we investigate the impact of temperature on important electrical, mechanical and electromechanical properties. For instance, both the electric-field- and the load-induced piezoelectric response characteristics were determined using micromachined capacitor-type test structures. Our results show that the piezoelectric performance of the polymer is strongly temperature-dependent even before the phase transition from the ferroelectric to the paraelectric regime. Starting from 25 °C, we measured an increase in the piezoelectric constant d33 up to 150% with increasing temperature up to 80 °C. We show that the highly increasing piezoelectric response of the polymer is directly linked to the temperature dependence of its elastic modulus and polarization.
Keywords: Electroactive polymers; Ferro- and piezoelectricity; Flexible and soft electronics
DOI: 10.1016/j.polymer.2019.02.064
Organisation: E366 - Institut für Sensor- und Aktuatorsysteme 
License: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
Publication Type: Article
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