Title: EC-QCL mid-IR transmission spectroscopy for monitoring dynamic changes of protein secondary structure in aqueous solution on the example of β-aggregation in alcohol-denaturated α-chymotrypsin
Language: English
Authors: Lendl, Bernhard  
Alcaráz, Mirta R. 
Schwaighofer, Andreas  
Goicoechea, Héctor
Category: Original Research Article
Issue Date: 2016
Journal: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 
ISSN: 1618-2642
In this work, a novel EC-QCL-based setup for mid-IR transmission measurements in the amide I region is introduced for monitoring dynamic changes in secondary structure of proteins. For this purpose, α-chymotrypsin (aCT) acts as a model protein, which gradually forms intermolecular β-sheet aggregates after adopting a non-native α-helical structure induced by exposure to 50 % TFE. In order to showcase the versatility of the presented setup, the effects of varying pH values and protein concentration on the rate of β-aggregation were studied. The influence of the pH value on the initial reaction rate was studied in the range of pH 5.8–8.2. Results indicate an increased aggregation rate at elevated pH values. Furthermore, the widely accessible concentration range of the laser-based IR transmission setup was utilized to investigate β-aggregation across a concentration range of 5–60 mg mL−1. For concentrations lower than 20 mg mL−1, the aggregation rate appears to be independent of concentration. At higher values, the reaction rate increases linearly with protein concentration. Extended MCR-ALS was employed to obtain pure spectral and concentration profiles of the temporal transition between α-helices and intermolecular β-sheets. Comparison of the global solutions obtained by the modelled data with results acquired by the laser-based IR transmission setup at different conditions shows excellent agreement. This demonstrates the potential and versatility of the EC-QCL-based IR transmission setup to monitor dynamic changes of protein secondary structure in aqueous solution at varying conditions and across a wide concentration range.
Keywords: Quantum cascade laser; Infrared spectroscopy; Multivariate curve resolution-alternating; least squares; Protein secondary structure; Aggregation; 2,2,2-Trifluoroethanol
DOI: 10.1007/s00216-016-9464-5
Library ID: AC11360101
URN: urn:nbn:at:at-ubtuw:3-1668
Organisation: E164 - Institut für Chemische Technologien und Analytik 
Publication Type: Article
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