Fuchs, J., Schmid, J., Müller, S., Mauerhofer, A. M., Benedikt, F., & Hofbauer, H. (2020). The impact of gasification temperature on the process characteristics of sorption enhanced reforming of biomass. Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13399-019-00439-9
Especially carbon-intensive industries are interested in a decarbonization of their processes. A technology, which can contribute to a significant reduction of the carbon footprint, is the so-called sorption enhanced reforming process. The sorption enhanced reforming process uses a dual fluidized bed reactor system with limestone as a bed material for the thermochemical conversion of biomass into a valuable nitrogen-free product gas. This product gas can be used for further synthesis processes like methanation. The dependency of the product gas composition on the gasification temperature is already a well-known fact. Nevertheless, detailed investigations and models of the effect on elemental balances (especially carbon) of the process are missing in the literature and are presented in this work. Therefore, previously published data from different pilot plants is summarized and is discussed on a mass balance. Based on this information, investigations on the product gas equilibrium composition are presented and conclusions are drawn: it can be shown that the sorption enhanced reforming process can be divided into two sub-processes, namely “carbonation dominated sorption enhanced reforming” and “water-gas shift dominated sorption enhanced reforming.” The sub-process carbonation dominated SER is characterized by a high deviation from the water-gas shift equilibrium and a nearly constant CO content in the product gas over gasification temperature (< 700 °C). The sub-process water-gas shift dominated SER can be identified by a steep increase of the CO content in the product gas over temperature and nearly equilibrium state of the water-gas shift reaction (700–760 °C).