Title: Dynamic Voltage Support of Converters during Grid Faults in Accordance with National Grid Code Requirements
Authors: Marchgraber, Jürgen 
Gawlik, Wolfgang 
Category: Original Research Article
Issue Date: 14-May-2020
Citation: 
Marchgraber, J., & Gawlik, W. (2020). Dynamic Voltage Support of Converters during Grid Faults in Accordance with National Grid Code Requirements. Energies, 13(10), 1–20. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13102484
Journal: Energies 
ISSN: 1996-1073
Abstract: 
To ensure system stability, national grid codes often require converter-based generators to provide fault-ride-through (FRT) capabilities and dynamic voltage support, according to which they should stay connected and support the voltage during fault situations. The requirements for dynamic voltage support include the injection of reactive current in the positive- A s well as negative-sequence system, directly proportional to the change of the corresponding voltage between fault and pre-fault. Since this requirement may lead to a reference current surpassing the maximum current capability, the converter control has to contain a proper current limitation. This paper presents an algorithm for such a current limitation and a simulation model of a converter and its control, which applies this algorithm. Based on voltage measurements, which were measured during forced short-circuits in the real grid, the simulation model is used to simulate the behavior of a converter in reaction to these voltage measurements. The results show that the converter control using this algorithm for current limitation guarantees a current output below the maximum current capability while respecting the requirements for dynamic voltage support of the relevant grid codes.
Keywords: Converter; dynamic voltage support; short-circuit
DOI: 10.3390/en13102484
Organisation: E370-01 - Forschungsbereich Energiesysteme und Netze 
License: CC BY 4.0 CC BY 4.0
Publication Type: Article
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