Balduzzi, G., Aminbaghai, M., Auricchio, F., & Füssl, J. (2018). Planar Timoshenko-like model for multilayer non-prismatic beams. International Journal of Mechanics and Materials in Design. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10999-016-9360-3
E202 - Institut für Mechanik der Werkstoffe und Strukturen
International Journal of Mechanics and Materials in Design
Non-homogeneous non-prismatic beam; Tapered beam; Beam of variable cross-section; First order beam model; Arch shaped beam
This paper aims at proposing a Timoshenko-like model for planar multilayer (i.e., non-homogeneous) non-prismatic beams. The main peculiarity of multilayer non-prismatic beams is a non-trivial stress distribution within the cross-section that, therefore, needs a more careful treatment. In greater detail, the axial stress distribution is similar to the one of prismatic beams and can be determined through homogenization whereas the shear distribution is completely different from prismatic beams and depends on all the internal forces. The problem of the representation of the shear stress distribution is overcame by an accurate procedure that<br />is devised on the basis of the Jourawsky theory. The paper demonstrates that the proposed representation of cross-section stress distribution and the rigorous procedure adopted for the derivation of constitutive, equilibrium, and compatibility equations lead to Ordinary Differential Equations that couple the axial and the shear bending problems, but allow practitioners to calculate both analytical and numerical solutions for almost<br />arbitrary beam geometries. Specifically, the numerical examples demonstrate that the proposed beam model is able to predict displacements, internal forces, and stresses very accurately and with moderate computational costs. This is also valid for highly heterogeneous beams characterized by thin and extremely stiff layers.