Title: Quasi One-Dimensional Metal–Semiconductor Heterostructures
Language: English
Authors: Benter, S. 
Dubrovskii, V. G. 
Bartmann, M. 
Campo, A. 
Zardo, I. 
Sistani, M. 
Stöger-Pollach, M. 
Landcaster, S. 
Detz, H. 
Lugstein, A. 
Category: Short/Brief/Rapid Communication
Short/Brief/Rapid Communication
Keywords: Nanowire; GaAs; gold; metal−semiconductor heterostructure; quasi 1D contacts
Issue Date: 2019
Journal: Nano Letters
Abstract: 
The band offsets occurring at the abrupt heterointerfaces of suitable material combinations offer a powerful design tool for high performance or even new kinds of devices. Because of a large variety of applications for metal–semiconductor heterostructures and the promise of low-dimensional systems to present exceptional device characteristics, nanowire heterostructures gained particular interest over the past decade. However, compared to those achieved by mature two-dimensional processing techniques, quasi one-dimensional (1D) heterostructures often suffer from low interface and crystalline quality. For the GaAs–Au system, we demonstrate exemplarily a new approach to generate epitaxial and single crystalline metal–semiconductor nanowire heterostructures with atomically sharp interfaces using standard semiconductor processing techniques. Spatially resolved Raman measurements exclude any significant strain at the lattice mismatched metal–semiconductor heterojunction. On the basis of experimental results and simulation work, a novel self-assembled mechanism is demonstrated which yields one-step reconfiguration of a semiconductor–metal core–shell nanowire to a quasi 1D axially stacked heterostructure via flash lamp annealing. Transmission electron microscopy imaging and electrical characterization confirm the high interface quality resulting in the lowest Schottky barrier for the GaAs–Au system reported to date. Without limiting the generality, this novel approach will open up new opportunities in the syntheses of other metal–semiconductor nanowire heterostructures and thus facilitate the research of high-quality interfaces in metal–semiconductor nanocontacts.
DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.9b01076
Library ID: AC15383286
URN: urn:nbn:at:at-ubtuw:3-5721
ISSN: 1530-6992
Organisation: E362 - Institut für Festkörperelektronik 
Publication Type: Article
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