Title: Fischer-Tropsch products from biomass-derived syngas and renewable hydrogen
Language: English
Authors: Gruber, Hannes 
Groß, Peter 
Rauch, Reinhard
Reichhold, Alexander
Zweiler, Richard 
Aichernig, Christian 
Müller, Stefan 
Ataimisch, Nabeel 
Hofbauer, Hermann
Category: Research Article
Keywords: Fischer-Tropsch synthesis; BtL; Energy storage; Excess electricity; ASF distribution; Economic assessment
Issue Date: 2019
Journal: Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery
Global climate change will make it necessary to transform transportation and mobility away from what we know now towards a sustainable, flexible, and dynamic sector. A severe reduction of fossil-based CO2 emissions in all energy-consuming sectors will be necessary to keep global warming below 2 °C above preindustrial levels. Thus, long-distance transportation will have to increase the share of renewable fuel consumed until alternative powertrains are ready to step in. Additionally, it is predicted that the share of renewables in the power generation sector grows worldwide. Thus, the need to store the excess electricity produced by fluctuating renewable sources is going to grow alike. The “Winddiesel” technology enables the integrative use of excess electricity combined with biomass-based fuel production. Surplus electricity can be converted to H2 via electrolysis in a first step. The fluctuating H2 source is combined with biomass-derived CO-rich syngas from gasification of lignocellulosic feedstock. Fischer-Tropsch synthesis converts the syngas to renewable hydrocarbons. This research article summarizes the experiments performed and presents new insights regarding the effects of load changes on the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. Long-term campaigns were carried out, and performance-indicating parameters such as per-pass CO conversion, product distribution, and productivity were evaluated. The experiments showed that integrating renewable H2 into a biomass-to-liquid Fischer-Tropsch concept could increase the productivity while product distribution remains almost the same. Furthermore, the economic assessment performed indicates good preconditions towards commercialization of the proposed system.
DOI: 10.1007/s13399-019-00459-5
Library ID: AC15532395
URN: urn:nbn:at:at-ubtuw:3-7758
ISSN: 2190-6823
Organisation: E166 - Institut für Verfahrenstechnik, Umwelttechnik und technische Biowissenschaften 
Publication Type: Article
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