Title: Impact of Partial Pressure, Conversion, and Temperature on the Oxidation Reaction Kinetics of Cu2O to CuO in Thermochemical Energy Storage
Authors: Setoodeh Jahromy, Saman 
Birkelbach, Felix  
Jordan, Christian  
Huber, Clemens  
Harasek, Michael  
Werner, Andreas 
Winter, Franz  
Category: Original Research Article
Issue Date: 5-Feb-2019
Journal: Energies 
ISSN: 1996-1073
Abstract: 
© 2019 by the authors. Metal oxides are promising potential candidates for thermochemical energy storage in concentrated solar power plants. In particular, the Cu 2 O/CuO system is suitable because of its high energy density, applied temperature interval, and reduced cost compared to the CoO/Co 3 O 4 system. In heterogenous gas-solid reactions, the pressure affects the kinetics significantly. To quantify this effect for oxidation of Cu 2 O to CuO, isothermal runs between 800 ◦ C and 930 ◦ C at different oxygen partial pressures (0.1, 0.2, 0.5, and 1.0 bar) were conducted with thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Defined fractions of CuO samples (1–100 µm) were analyzed with X-ray diffraction (XRD), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis. The kinetic analyses were performed with extended non-parametric kinetics (NPK), which is applied for the first time to consider the pressure term in the general kinetic equation in addition to the conversion and the temperature term. The results show how the oxygen partial pressure impacts the kinetics and how reparameterization of the pressure term affects the kinetic analysis of the oxidation reaction of Cu 2 O to CuO. The best conversion model is a two-dimensional Avrami-Erofeev model with an activation energy of 233 kJ/mol. The kinetic models for conversion, temperature, and pressure presented in this work provide one of the most important requirements for reactor designs.
Keywords: Cu2O/CuO; Kinetics; Partial pressure; Thermochemical energy storage; Thermogravimetric analysis
DOI: 10.3390/en12030508
Organisation: E166-03 - Forschungsbereich Chemische Verfahrenstechnik und Energietechnik 
License: CC BY 4.0 CC BY 4.0
Publication Type: Article
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